The adults serve a role in pollination. The scales, whether muted or colorful, seem dusty if they rub off on your fingers. Similar species: This is the most common fritillary in eastern North America. Great Spangled Fritillary Speyeria cybele: Genus Speyeria Subfamily Fritillaries Family Brushfooted Butterflies All Massachusetts Species: View This Species Side-by-Side With Another Species: Click on a thumbnail image to go directly to that image. It hatches to the larval form and becomes dormant in leaf litter. NJ Status and Distribution: Resident. Various species of native violets have reported to serve as a larval host plant for the great spangled fritillary, including the native round-leaf violet (Viola rotundifolia), the arrow-leaf violet (Viola fimbriatula) and the common blue violet (Viola sororia). Eggs are deposited singly on or near violets in late summer or fall. The Great Spangled Fritillary is a medium sized butterfly that can fly very quickly and is easy to see while nectaring. The larva eats only violets. Fish & Wildlife Service. The great spangled fritillary is common and easily recognized. Family: Brush-footed Butterflies (Nymphalidae) Both species are long-lived and occur in many of the same habitats. The Atlantis Fritillary has blue-green or greyish blue eyes, while both the Great Spangled Fritillary and the Aphrodite Fritillary have amber to yellow-green eyes. Pronunciation of fritillary is "FRIT-uh-larry.". The Aphrodite Fritillary is a species of North American butterflies that are seen flying between May and July. The stunning Great Spangled Fritillary is now our largest, after the extirpation of the Regal Fritillary. Those flowers got their name from botanists who used Latin words for "dice cup" (a checkered box used to carry dice in) to describe the intricate checkered markings on the flower petals of some of the species in that genus. Females are darker above than males. During the day, the caterpillar hides under the leaves. The adult feeds on flower nectar. Similar species include the Aphrodite fritillary (Speyeria aphrodite), the Atlantis fritillary (Speyeria atlantis) and the northwestern fritillary (Speyeria hesperis). Butterflies, skippers, and moths belong to an insect order called the Lepidoptera — the "scale-winged" insects. The caterpillars are black, with black spines that are yellowish orange at the base. Paul McKenzie, U.S. And they often show up in numbers. This wide band (and lack of an inner FW spot above) separate Great Spangled from the very similar (and quite rare) Aphrodite Fritillary, which has a narrow band on the HW below and an isolated spot on the inner FW above. A broad yellow band and silver triangles are the most notable qualities on the wing, next to the brown margin. Female butterflies generally mate very soon after emerging. The great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is a North American butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. Found in seven local subspecies, it is often confused for a similar-looking species called Great Spangled Fritillary.Aphrodite fritillaries have a relatively longer life than many other species. It would be tempting to consider these all different species, but because they interbreed with nearby populations of other subspecies and produce offspring that have intermediate traits, it makes sense to consider them all one species. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Its wingspan ranges from 62 to 88 mm (2.4 to 3.5 in). You also have interesting native plants you can brag about, and feel good about planting. The Variegated Fritillary will use a variety of flowers for nectar, such as Zinnias, Milkweed, Butterfly Bush and others. They enjoy grassy, prairie areas that have a water source close and the caterpillars feed on Violets, so a partially shaded area will be beneficial for this winged beauty. Stay in Touch with MDC. These living jewels have tiny, overlapping scales that cover their wings like shingles. The great spangled fritillary is a butterfly of open areas. Milkweeds, Joe Pye Weeds, and thistles are favorites. Larvae feed on plants in the genus Viola — the many species of violets. Great Places to See Great Spangled Fritillary. Great spangled fritillary butterflies (Speyeria cybele) are medium-sized butterflies commonly found in meadows, fields, and yards across Kentucky and many of the surrounding states.Its wingspan is approximately 2.5 to 3.5 inches wide. MDC and several other conservation organizations want to help you get started in native plant gardening, which helps butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. This wide-ranging North American species lives in many different regions, each with its own suite of environmental pressures influencing color and form. Apparently it shares a history with the name Fritillaria, used for a mostly Eurasian genus of flowering bulb plants in the lily family. Great Spangled Fritillary - Click to enlarge : Photo by: Katharine Hale Comment: Ashe Co., 2008-06-19. nectaring on Musk Thistle (Carduus nutans) Great Spangled Fritillary - Click to enlarge : Photo by: Rob Van Epps Comment: May 31, 2014. They have only one generation each year, and the adults are emerging right about now. This glorious butterfly is often seen in city yards and gardens as it seeks flowers. The U.S. Larval food plants include several species of Viola (Scott 1986, 1992; Guppy and Shepard 2001; Pyle 2002; James and Nunnallee 2011). The caterpillars are herbivores that graze on violets. The Great Spangled Fritillary is an American butterfly species spread in nine local subspecies. They eat at night. The great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is a North American butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. They have black markings on the upper surface of their wings and a wide, pale band and large silver spots on the lower surface. Size . Many butterflies and moths are associated with particular types of food plants, which their caterpillars must eat in order to survive. Below, the forewing is yellowish orange with black marks similar to the upperside, with a few silver spots on the tip of the wing. Great Spangled Fritillary on Butterfly Weed. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Females tend to be darker than males and individuals from the western reaches of this species range tend to be brighter orange. Great spangled fritillary females tend to mate only once, so early-emerging males have an advantage over later-emerging males. Some Canadian subspecies are smaller and paler. Speyeria cybele The Great Spangled Fritillary is found throughout the state from late June through August and into early September. Great spangled fritillary adults are large, rusty orange butterflies with black or dark brown markings; the base of the wings is somewhat darker. The great spangled fritillary is found in open, moist places including fields, pine and oak woods, conifer forest openings, and meadows. [2] It is characterized by its orange color above with five black dashes near forewing base and several irregular black dashes at the base of the hindwing. In addition, two rows of black crescents run along the edges of the wings. They are known for their characteristic orange, tan or tawny coloration … Found in open, moist places, including prairies, fields, open woodland edges, wet meadows, and residential areas. Fritillaries belong to … Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) Photos Click on individual photos to view a larger version that includes photo credits, county, and date. What's with the word "fritillary"? (Some western North American relatives are known as "yellow bells," "checker lily," "chocolate lily," "mission bells," and "lily root.") The undersides of the hindwings have prominent silvery white spots on a dark brown background, with a tan band along the outer margin. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. Nectar and Host Plants Used by the Variegated Fritillary. Postal Service ® celebrates the great spangled fritillary on its fourth butterfly stamp issuance for large greeting card envelopes that require additional postage. Apparently the intricate checkered markings of fritillary butterflies seemed similar. Garden centers often have special sections devoted to butterfly gardeners. great spangled fritillary.jpg. Great Spangled Fritillaries Taking Nectar on Milkweed Flowers, More than 700 species in North America north of Mexico, great_spangled_fritillary_brunet_2005.jpg, great_spangled_fritillary_butterfly_weed_2007.jpg, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants, Missouri's next-most-common fritillary is the. 4450. Males emerge two or three weeks before females; they patrol in open areas, waiting for females to fly near. The Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is a butterfly that may be seen in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York in July and August. The males are bright orange, while the females are yellow-brown. The caterpillars hatch but do not feed and grow; instead, they overwinter, then eat and grow in the spring, just when their food plant, violets, are also freshly growing and peaking. Today the species remains common, though by no means abundant, throughout much of the state. Named for the silvery spots on the undersides of its wings, this large butterfly can have a wingspan of up to four inches and is found in all northern states. Great spangled fritillary adults are large, rusty orange butterflies with black or dark brown markings; the base of the wings is somewhat darker. It is found in northern and central United States and southern Canada. Large, compare with other fritillaries. Range . In spring it will return to … Speyeria cybele (Fabricius, 1775) Cybele was an Anatolian goddess. A great spangled fritillary, one of the butterflies counted in the June 24 survey at MDC's Big Buffalo Creek Conservation Area. The head is nearly black with some orange across the top. About nine subspecies of great spangled fritillary have been identified. The Aphrodite Fritillary is found throughout the state during much of July and August with the Great Spangled Fritillary. One of the most familiar ones is the great spangled fritillary because of its large size, abundance, and widespread range. Females, which emerge later, are usually larger and darker than males. Prime habitat for this species includes moist meadows and woodland edges. This sort of data can be useful in seeing concentrations of a particular species over the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a … A large butterfly with a wingspan of 2.25 to 4 inches, it is found in all northern states and ranges as far south as northern Georgia in the east and central California in the west. It is distinguished from the Aphrodite and Atlantis fritillaries by a wide light submarginal band on the hindwing and instead of black spots, black dashes form on the margins of the forewing. Identification . The great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is named for the silvery spots found on the undersides of its wings. Scudder (1889) considered the Great Spangled Fritillary to be "uncommon...in the northern half of New England...but in its extreme south exceedingly abundant." Some West Coast subspecies are strongly sexually dimorphic (with males and females looking different): females may be nearly black with pale yellow outer wing bands, while males are the more typical orange. As NatureServe (2011) points out, the the Great Spangled, and certainly the Aphrodite, avoid violet populations in highly disturbed habitats, such as … Who doesn’t like butterflies? If Great Spangled Fritillaries are in the area, a combination of violets and their preferred nectar sources may draw them to your landscape. The great spangled fritillary is a butterfly of open areas. All stages provide food for predators. As with Great Spangled Fritillary, further habitat loss to heavy farming and to suburban development could negatively affect Aphrodite Fritillary. Great Spangled Fritillary are medium-sized (2-4 in wingspan) butterflies. The Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) (GSF) is named for the silvery spots on the underside of its hind wing. The female places an egg on or near violet plants in late summer. The Great Spangled is also our most successful greater fritillary; both the lovely Aphrodite Fritillary and the higher-elevation Atlantis Fritillary appear to be declining in the state, whereas the Great Spangled … To our north, east, and west, there are other species that look confusingly similar. Adults fly from mid-May through early October. Great spangled fritillaries have the hindwing undersides with prominent silvery white spots on a dark brown background, with a tan band along the outer margin. Here in Missouri, the great spangled is by far the most common fritillary. Another subspecies, in the Four Corners area, is on average much smaller. The Great Spangled Fritillary has a different hue in different parts of the continent, raising the level of difficulty in identifying it. The female places an egg on or near violet plants in late summer. Stay in Touch with MDC news, newsletters, events, and manage your subscription. Butterfly gardening is a booming and well-defined sector of the landscaping and horticultural industries. The great spangled fritillary covers a wide range of North America stretching from southern Canada to northern California on the west to North Carolina on the east. This is the time of year to go looking for these beauties. [4][5], "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 Speyeria cybele Great Spangled Fritillary", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Great_spangled_fritillary&oldid=981649591, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The National Audubon Society Field Guide to Butterflies, by Robert Micheal Pyle, This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 16:39. The undersides of the hindwings have prominent silvery white spots on a dark brown background, with a tan band along the … The great spangled fritillary caterpillar eats the leaves of various violet species. Adults feed on flower nectar (including Agastache, Apocynum, Asclepias, Buddleja, Carduus, Cirsium, Echinacea, Erigeron, Helianthus, Medicago, Monarda, Nepeta, Trifolium), dung, and tree sap (from surface of Quercus leaves) (Scott 1986, 2014: Pyle 2002; James … great spangled fritillary speyeria cybele on lilac syringa vulgaris, atlanta, united states - great spangled fritillary butterfly stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Atlantis Fritillary: Life History Butterflies of the Adirondacks : Adult Atlantis Fritillaries consume flower nectar from flowers such as milkweeds, asters, and daisies. Species cybele (Great Spangled Fritillary - Hodges#4450) Hodges Number . The adults visit a great variety of flowers, including many types of coneflowers, thistles, milkweeds, ironweeds, dogbanes, verbenas, mints, clovers, and more. The larva eats only violets. Search from Great Spangled Fritillary Butterfly stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. One good example is the Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele), a gorgeous orange and brown butterfly that can be seen coast to coast across the northern half of the U.S. and into southern Canada. The map below showcases (in blue) the states and territories of North America where the Great Spangled Fritillary may be found (but is not limited to). The great spangled fritillary is often one of the first really impressive butterflies to show up in home flower gardens. Diet. When you grow native flowers, shrubs, and trees, you expand the habitat, territory, and food available to birds, butterflies, and other native organisms. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Cabarrus Co., NC Great Spangled Fritillary - Click to enlarge : Photo by: Rob Van Epps Comment: Jun 8, 2013. Common breeding resident. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. The name fritillary is derived from a Latin word that means checkered and refers to all the black spots on the fritillary’s wings. The hindwing is reddish brown with silver spots on the base and middle of the wing. Wingspan 6-10 cm. The adult feeds on flower nectar. It is only missing from northern Canada and some of the southern states. Explanation of Names . 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